Friday, May 31, 2013

Seals, Squids, Skates, Oh My!

Have you ever wondered what it would be like to babysit an elephant seal? How about dissecting a Humboldt Squid or Big Skate? Or trying to care for baby skates that magically showed up in your tank one day?

Well you've come to the right place...

~Babysitting an Elephant Seal~

Marine Mammal Stranding Network volunteer, Roger Wilson, seal sits Star.
A juvenile Northern Elephant Seal, dubbed "Star", attracted lots of attention in Port Townsend's popular downtown area this past month. The seal (a young male weighing approximately 350 pounds) hauled out on the Adams Street beach on Thursday night, May 2nd to begin the molting process (shedding his old fur). You can imagine his surprise the next morning when he found himself surrounded by curious visitors. He was reported to the PTMSC Marine Mammal Stranding Network at 360-385-5582 ext. 103 who dispatched trained volunteers to respond and set up a seal sitting schedule.

Elephant seals scratch a lot while on shore.
The lighter colored fur is being shed and replaced with a darker silvery coat.
Photo credit: Casey Gluckman (MMSN volunteer)
Note: this photo was taken with a high-powered camera from a safe distance away.

Star flips sand on himself to keep cool on a sunny day.
Photo credit: Casey Gluckman
He stayed downtown for 15 days, mostly sleeping, scratching, and
flipping sand on himself. It takes a lot of energy to shed old fur and dead skin! Occasionally he would go for a dip and cruise over to the beach by Better Living Through Coffee. Which would have been fine, had he stayed on the beach. But like any young boy, he was not content to stay where we told him to. More than once he wriggled his big body onto the pavement and then the sidewalk, causing all sorts of raucous. His "seal sitters" had their hands full putting up a new perimeter each time he moved, educating hoards of curious onlookers, and keeping both people and the seal safe. One very dedicated mother-daughter pair spent many hours watching over Star. Ella, an 11-year old superhero, enthusiastically shared Star's story with anyone who wanted to hear it. Stay tuned for a blog from Ella herself!

Star makes a break for the sidewalk (for the second time)!
PTMSC staff and volunteers used cabinet doors and shutters as impromptu "crowder boards" to coral him back to the water (and away from Water Street). As you can imagine, this was a mostly hysterical spectacle to watch.

~The Mysterious Skate Hatch~

First baby next to the egg case it came out of.

If you have visited the marine exhibit in the past year, and peered into the touch tanks, you may have noticed an oddly shaped object sitting on the sandy bottom… It looked to me like something out of a sci-fi film. Was this thing man made? Is it natural? What is it? I discovered that this strange object has been called a mermaids purse, and it is the egg case of the Big Skate, Raja binoculata, which is a cartilage fish related to sharks and rays. The egg case was brought to us by a crab fisherman, who found it on top of his crab pot when he pulled it up from below the pier. We kept the strange egg case at the Port Townsend Marine Science Center for almost a year, without knowing if it was viable or not.

Recently, while cleaning the tank we discovered a new inhabitant. It was a newly hatched baby skate! We were all very excited to see this beautiful little creature that seemed to fly through the waters of the touch tank. They are amazing hiders and at first the only way you could find it was by spotting the giant eyespots (false eyes like the ones you see on butterfly wings) that are found on their pectoral fins (wing-like fins). Over the next week we continued to find more baby skates that seem to appear out of thin air. Each new discovery amplified the excitement and surprise. In all we now have five baby skates and are still monitoring the egg case to see if more hatch!
Amber sizing up the little guys/girls. So small!
Like a newborn in any family, everyone here at the science center started to get attached to our new friends. We were not sure if we could keep them, we needed to figure out how to take care of them first. So we looked to our friends at the Seattle Aquarium and they gave us hope.

The Seattle Aquarium has had success raising baby skates and they suggesting trying to stick feed them food to get it underneath them where the mouth is. I tried this method and have been having success feeding them live shrimp. They have turned into voracious eaters and we have been able to keep them…for now. The Big Skate can get up to 8 feet across, and we don’t have a tank that big, so sooner or later our hatchlings will get released into the ocean to continue their lifecycle. 

Hopefully we will be able to keep one or two of our baby skates for a few months, but will soon release the rest. So if you want to be amazed my the wonders of a baby big skate come to the Marine Exhibit soon to see all the siblings together before their release.
Eye spots or false eyes on the pectoral fins.

They don't seem to mind cameras!

~Dissecting Marine Wash-ups~

When a marine creature,
Washes on the shore
Who you gunna call?

(I realize Ghostbusters is only 3 syllables, but what can you do...)

Marine mammal stranding calls (Star being a perfect example) aren't the only calls we get here at PTMSC. When there's something strange, in the neighborhood...who you gunna call? ...Sorry, it's so darn catchy. 

No but seriously, please call us. Our Citizen Science program has jumped on board with a new project called the Ocean Genome Legacy (OGL). To be a part of the legacy we want to sample the dead animals you call in (glamorous no, but nonetheless awesomely educational).
“Ocean Genome Legacy is a non-profit marine research institute and genome bank dedicated to exploring and preserving the threatened biological diversity of the sea”. More information here: Ocean Genome Legacy Center

Additional to phone calls we will also sample animals from our aquarium that die of natural causes. Sampling involves collecting tissues from an individual, preserving them, and submitting them for genomic profile testing by OGL.
It's important to keep in mind we won't be able to sample every animal that people call about.  However, when it's something unique like a Humboldt Squid or a huge Big Skate we will do whatever we can to get there!

Before we started working with OGL we wouldn't have responded to a phone call about a huge squid (unless it was out of pure curiosity). But now when we received a phone call from our friends at the Northwest Maritime Center that a large squid washed up on their beach, we were pretty excited to have an excuse to go check it out.
Jamie Landry, Citizen Science Coordinator (left), and Megan Veley, AmeriCorps (right) after dissection of the Humboldt Squid on the Northwest Maritime Center's beach.
I was lucky enough to escort PTMSC citizen science coordinator Jamie Landry to our first OGL sample site. You never know what you are going to see when you respond to a phone call. Filled with excitement, people tend to exaggerate or complete misidentify things. So we try hard to be always prepared for the "unknown" (that is my favorite part because I like to let my imagination run wild!).

When we got to the beach there was no doubt it was a squid. After some measurements we identified it as a Humboldt Squid. Jamie was excited to try out the new sampling protocol while I was enamored with remembering squid atomony that I learned last summer when teaching marine biology camp (PTMSC summer camps:
Megan excited and ready to dissect!
This guy/girl was much bigger than our dissecting specimen, but that didn't make it any easier. The squid was in pretty rough shape by the time we got to it. Regardless we did our best to learn by exploration while we worked through the new sampling protocol.

You would think a Humboldt Squid would be cool enough and probably wouldn't have the opportunity to sample anything that neat for awhile. Think again...

It was only a week later when a phone call was forwarded to me--someone found something on the beach! The beach walker said he was about 150 yards away from us heading towards the light house. He was looking at a huge ray that looked like it might still be alive and stuck. I said I would be right there and took off with the camera.

Sure as he was, there laid a hug ray-like creature in the water right in front on him. However, it was no ray, but one of their close relatives the Skate. I knew immediately the species was Big Skate because of all the images we saw when looking up information on our baby Big Skates that had just hatched in our touch tanks (funny how things work like that)!
The Big Skate swaying in the surf right after being found by beach walkers.
So was it alive or dead? Well I was pretty positive it was dead because these guys are masters at living in sandy bottoms and there was nothing besides sand that was keeping her there. However, when looking at her it was hard not to think she was still alive because of the way her tail and fins were moving--wave action or still holding on?

Well there was only one way to find out and that was to walk into the water and touch it. I'm sure I could have used a stick, but what's the fun in that? Plus I knew it didn't have a barb like its relative the ray so I convinced myself it was completely harmless.

A good poke in the stomach and eye proved that she was no longer alive and was just an extremely fresh wash-up being moved by the wave action. In the name of science it's hard not to be excited that she was dead. Not just because we get to sample her and learn SO much during the dissection, but also because if she had been alive she would have been distressed and there was nothing we could have done to help her.

I explained to the couple who found her that we were going to take some samples for OGL and they could stay and help. They were pretty disappointed she wasn't still alive, but when they learned she wasn't going to die in vain and was helping science instead--it was OK.

The skate was about 5ft from wing to wing and wasn't going to be easy to drag up on shore. The tide was coming in and kept trying to pull her back out. I called in reinforcements and after various tactics and water filled boots we puller her up and out of the water.
AmeriCorps (Emily, Megan & Amber) getting things done! Trying to beat out the high tide.

The muscles! Megan, Jamie, Amber & Claudia (left to right).

After Jamie collected the sample for OGL we continued with dissecting. We were all vey curious to see what was in the stomach (especially because we are trying to figure out what our baby Big Skates want to eat). To our surprise the stomach had fish inside, but no just one--3 full grown sculpin!

If that wasn't cool enough, we also found an egg case! We aren't 100% sure, but we think she was about to deposit it because it was complete and sealed shut. We asked if there could be something inside. We just had an egg case that no one thought was viable and it hatched out 5 adorable skates! Maybe this one could do the same?
Discovering the egg case.
We wanted to honor her gift to science and see if we can give her egg case a second chance. It is now living in our lab tanks, save from the oceans elements and predators.

Who knows maybe next year or even a year after that we will have more baby skates mesmerizing us as they explore their new life?
Thanks to citizen scientist like you and awesome projects like OGL we get to wait and find out...

Thanks for stopping by!

Danae Presler (Babysitting an Elephant Seal) -- AmeriCorps Marine Mammal Stranding Network Educator

Amber Heasley (The Mysterious Skate Hatch) -- AmeriCorps Marine Exhibit Educator

Megan Veley (Dissecting Marine Wash-ups) – AmeriCorps Natural History Exhibit and Volunteer Program Educator
**For more pictures of all these cool critters and our daily adventures check out our Facebook page (even if you don't use it you can still see the pictures if you follow the link and click on photos):

Thursday, May 30, 2013

Chemical Bandits in the Office

The hot pink sticky note

It was a typical Wednesday morning. I marched into work ready to tackle whatever odd, marine- related thing may come at me. Last week, a molting Elephant Seal, eager for a spot on the front page of The Leader, hauled out on Water Street. Earlier this week, a Humbolt Squid and Big Skate washed up, ready for tissue sampling. And today? An innocent looking box of pencils placed neatly on my desk bearing a hot pink sticky note. It read, “This seems bizarre – Chrissy” with an arrow pointing to a tiny icon at the bottom of the pencil box. The label looked like this:

My first thought: Yeah, that’s pretty bizarre. “Antimicrobial product protection” in a pencil? Ummmm... WHY?? 

My second thought: I vaguely remember an antimicrobial chemical guide by the Environmental Working Group[1]. I recalled how it outlined problems associated with chemicals like these.

Subsequently, a rapid stream of questions and concerns began rolling through my mind like successive frames of an old motion picture.  Were these the same pencils we use in our education programs at the PTMSC? The same pencils we give to students when teaching about toxic chemicals and their effects on humans and the marine environment? Something was VERY wrong with this picture, and I knew some toxics investigation was in order!

 Microban investigation results

It is invisible, inconspicuous, and dangerous.  Microban, also known as the chemical Triclosan[2], is a chemical found in more places than anyone would like. Upon interrogating Google about this chemical bandit, I arrived at page after lengthy page of articles, blogs, reports, and images. I found text like, “Triclosan is not currently known to be hazardous to humans[3]” and “Triclosan is linked to liver and inhalation toxicity, and low levels of triclosan may disrupt thyroid function.[4]”   Well, which one was true?  What made my investigation even more complicated was this statement from the USFDA (United State Food and Drug Administration): “[the] FDA does not have sufficient safety evidence to recommend changing consumer use of products that contain triclosan at this time.” What do they mean by “not sufficient safety evidence?”

Continuing on my quest for answers, I targeted the manufacturers of the suspicious pencils and the chemical Mircroban (aka- triclosan). I was sent on a convoluted cyber ride of answers:

“Hi Jamie,
Thank you for your interest in Microban. Please contact Ticonderoga to learn about the Microban additives they use in their product.”

“Jamie –
Please contact the manufacturers of Microban to find out more information about the chemicals in their products.”

Well, thanks a lot manufacturers! That makes everything MUCH clearer…

 After expressing my frustrations to the PTMSC volunteers, I was guided in some legitimate directions. Each morning I arrived at my desk to find helpful leads for my investigation – Material Safety Data Sheets[5], articles from local and national papers, and emails with personal sentiments about Microban’s prevalence in consumer products – all offered by our dedicated volunteers. I realized that finding the right answers on this topic was like navigating a deceptive labyrinth. I was motivated to make sense of it all – to offer guidance to others who shared my frustrations.

Decoding text on toxics

During my investigation, I found myself skeptical of phrases like, “It is not currently known to be toxic to humans.”  Does that necessarily mean that it is known to be safe to humans? Statements about chemicals not being known as toxic are about as useful as statements such as “Currently, we know nothing about this chemical.” I recalled how important it is to be critical of your sources so as to not be misled by vague claims.

Statements about toxicity of chemicals should not be assumed as entirely truthful. Consider who is making the statement. Non-profits, government organizations, private researchers, retailers, manufacturers, and individuals all have something to say about toxics. It’s important to consider what motives they may have, as well as what perspective they come from. Weighing these factors will help you remain unbiased while working to get to the bottom of things. Learn more about issues like this with a FREE copy of the PTMSC's Guide to Toxics

Don’t assume a product is toxic-free. I was caught in this act when researching Triclosan. While perusing resources, I felt like Triclosan was popping up in practically everything. I never expected to find the chemical in these common products I used daily:

Soap and dishwashing liquid
Cutting boards
Clothing and fabrics
Plastic food containers and kitchenware

Additionally, the manufacturers of Microban list 60 categories of consumer goods that include their antimicrobial technology. 

What pencils are we using now?

In 2012 the USFDA reported, “At this time, FDA does not have evidence that triclosan added to antibacterial soaps and body washes provides extra health benefits over soap and water.” If this is the case, then this statement begs the question – Why is it added to nearly all commercial antibacterial soaps? After hours of research, I don’t have a clear answer. For this reason, in addition to rigorous science linking Triclosan to adverse health effects in marine life and animals, the PTMSC has chosen to invest in different pencils. We now purchase our pencils for staff and students from a west coast company called Forest Choice. Toxic free and committed to conservative management of resources, we felt this company was a better vote with our dollar.

Unfortunately, this isn’t the first case of inconspicuous toxics we’ve come across at the PTMSC. Staff has been rethinking our choices in electronics, new flooring materials, dry erase markers vs. chalk boards, pens, notebooks, and many others. In the spirit of reducing our exposure to and consumption of toxics, and despite the road blocks along the way, we are trying to walk the walk. We are trying to be toxic free. We may not succeed all the time, but we are working to educate ourselves and others. We are demanding a safer, healthier environment.

Jamie Landry is the Citizen Science Coordinator at the Port Townsend Marine Science Center and a resident of Port Townsend, WA.  She works closely with The Toxics Project – an effort by PTMSC to empower people with knowledge and resources to fight for their health, and the health of the marine environment. Please visit our exhibits and be inspired to demand a safer, healthier environment.

[3] Quote by US Food and Drug Administration, the US federal agency responsible for “Protecting and Promoting Health”
[4] Quote by the EWG, a trusted and well-established non-profit that advocates for a healthier environment by addressing issues surrounding the ubiquitous nature of toxic chemicals in the man-made and natural environments.
[5] Referred to as an MSDS and publically available online, they offer information about hazards, recommended first aid and personal protection measures, physical and chemical properties, and what is most important to consumers – toxicological information.

Tuesday, May 28, 2013

PTMSC awards scholarship to PTHS student

Alethea Westlund

PTMSC is proud to announce that volunteer Alethea Westlund was selected as the first recipient of the new PTMSC annual scholarship for graduating high school seniors. This $500 award was made possible by generous donors to the PTMSC scholarship fund.
Alethea plans to complete her associate's degree at Peninsula College in the coming year and then pursue a 4-year degree in Marine Biology or Environmental Science. She believes that becoming more educated about the fragility of the environment will prepare her to help protect it.
Alethea has been an active volunteer at PTMSC for over 4 years and has donated over 300 hours to working in exhibits as a docent, assisting with summer camps, and other education programs. She believes that interacting with the PTMSC visitors has given her confidence in teaching and public speaking.   Alethea recently became part of the Citizen Science team at PTMSC when she partnered with us to complete her senior project. Working over 80 hours for her project, she combined her knowledge of eelgrass beds with SCUBA diving skills to successfully map the eelgrass bed north of the PTMSC pier. She hopes that other high school students or community members will be able to use her protocol and data to track future changes in the eelgrass bed.
Happily, Alethea plans to continue volunteering at PTMSC over the next year. Good luck, Alethea, and thank you for all your dedication to conserving the marine environment! And thanks to staff member Jamie Landry for serving as Althea's mentor.
-The PTMSC family